Action12

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Introduction

Supported by OpenTTD 0.60.6 Supported by TTDPatch 2.5 (2.0.1 alpha 73)2.5 This action allows loading and defining glyphs for any Unicode character in the BMP (Basic Multilingual Plane), i.e. up to U+FFFF.

Note: If any .grf file containing an action 12 is loaded (even if it is inactive), TTDPatch is put into UTF-8 mode. This changes how character input is processed and how custom strings are stored in the savegame (they are converted to UTF-8 encoding). It is not possible to prevent this, and because of possible bugs in UTF-8 mode it is therefore preferable to put all font glyphs in separate .grf files to allow them to not be loaded in the case of problems.

Format

The data looks as follows:

<sprite-number> * <length> 12 <num-def> (<font> <num-char> <base-char>){n}
Element Size Description
<sprite-number> dec A sequential sprite number
<length> dec The total number of bytes in the action
12 B Action 12
num-def B Number of definitions
font B Font for which to provide glyphs
num-char B Number of consecutive glyphs
base-char W First Unicode character for which to provide glyphs

Following the action 12 must be the real sprites for all glyphs, as many sprites as all <num-char> added up.

Glyphs sprites may only use colors 00 (transparent), 01 (foreground) and 02 (shadow). A sprite that uses the shadow color MUST NOT use the chunked data format.

Description

sprite-number

The current sprite number.

length

The total number of bytes in this action 12.

num-def

This specifies how many definitions follow, each having <font>, <num-char> and <base-char>.

font

The font to define glyphs for. The value can be 0 for the normal size proportional font, 1 for the small size proportional font, 2 for the large size proportional font, or Supported by OpenTTD 1.2 (23274)1.2 Not supported by TTDPatch 3 for the normal size non-proportional font.

num-char

The number of characters in the range.

base-char

The first Unicode character in a range to provide glyphs for.  This can be any Unicode character in the BMP.

Note that all characters of a definition (i.e., <font> <num-char> <base-char> triplet) must fit within a "block" of 128 characters, i.e. you cannot define characters U+00E0..U+011F with one definition; instead you must split it into U+00E0..U+00FF and U+0100..U+011F because those are two different blocks.

Example

583 * 10 12 02 00 08 F8 00 00 0C 00 01
Byte Meaning
583 <sprite-number>
10 <length> of the action in bytes; start counting at 12 (<action>)
12 <action>: sets this pseudo-sprite to function as action 12
02 <num-def>: we're defining two ranges of characters
00 <font>: first range, defining font 0 (normal size)
08 <num-char>: defining 8 characters in a row
F8 00 <base-char>: character U+00F8 is the first character
00 <font>: second range, also defining font 0 (normal size)
0C <num-char>: defining another 12 characters
00 01 <base-char>: character U+0100 is the first character

Therefore, this action 12 defines glyphs for Unicode characters U+00F8..U+010B. They are split into two definitions because a definition cannot cross a block boundary.

After this action 12 follow 20 real sprites containing the glyphs for the above characters.